Most commonly heard in rap and hip hop songs, the technique of scratching involves manually moving a record back and forth, so that one small section—usually only one sound—is heard backwards and forwards, repeatedly. Essentially, the resulting sound is used to provide an extra rhythmic texture to the track. The rise of trip hop music (jazz-influenced, largely instrumental hip hop) has moved scratching to the forefront, with songs such as The Herbalizer’s ‘Scratchy Noise’ employing the technique to great effect. For the most part, though, scratching remains a tool for creative DJing, with Coldcut’s 1995 Journeys By DJ mix album containing many fine examples of the technique in use.
   See also: sampling

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

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  • Scratching — is also a present participle of scratch , and may also refer to a form of street art Scratching is a DJ or turntablist technique used to produce distinctive sounds by moving a vinyl record back and forth on a turntable while manipulating the… …   Wikipedia

  • Scratching — auf den Fensterscheiben der Berliner U Bahn Zerkratzte Scheibe am U Bahnhof Warschauer Straße Scr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Scratching — Scratch ing, adv. With the action of scratching. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scratching — es una técnica de la música hip hop. Su significado en español es arañar y consiste en mover el disco hacia delante y hacia atrás, consiguiendo diversos efectos según la técnica empleada y el sonido original del disco. El recorrido puede ser mas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Scratching — Scrat|ching 〈[skræ̣tʃıŋ] n. 15; Mus.〉 das Erzielen bestimmter Klangeffekte durch rhythmisches Hin und Herbewegen einer laufenden Schallplatte [engl., „Kratzen“] * * * Scrat|ching [ skrætʃɪŋ ], das; s [engl. scratching, zu: to scratch = kratzen]:… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Scratching — Scratch Scratch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Scratched}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Scratching}.] [OE. cracchen (perhaps influenced by OE. scratten to scratch); cf. OHG. chrazz[=o]n, G. kratzen, OD. kratsen, kretsen, D. krassen, Sw. kratsa to scrape, kratta to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scratching — Scratch (musique) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Scratch. Le scratch (ou scratching) est un procédé consistant à faire tourner à la main un disque vinyle sous une tête de lecture de platine vinyle, alternativement en avant et en arrière, de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • scratching — ● scratch ou scratching nom masculin (anglais to scratch, gratter) Technique musicale apparue avec le rap vers 1980. (Consiste à placer un disque vinyle sur une platine et à faire aller le bras de lecture d avant en arrière le long du sillon pour …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Scratching — Scrat|ching [ skrætʃiŋ] das; s <aus gleichbed. engl. scratching> das Hervorbringen bestimmter akustischer Effekte durch Manipulieren der laufenden Schallplatte (bes. bei Rapmusik) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • scratching — n. act of scraping; act of making a small cut; act of scraping with the fingernails to relieve an itch; act of making a grating sound; act of scribbling; process of obtaining with difficulty; act of deleting skrætʃ n. scrape, abrasion; cut,… …   English contemporary dictionary

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